History of Dracula and his connection to Vlad the Impaler
History of Dracula, and the connection between him and Transylvania historical region, but many say that he got inspired by the infamous Vlad the Impaler. It's one of those so-called facts that everyone knows: Bram Stoker's character Count Dracula was Who Made The Vlad-Dracula Connection?. The legend of Count Dracula and history of voivode Vlad the Impaler, the real-life hero who inspired the legend. Romania Tourism offers information regarding.
This fear lived on throughout the ages and managed to place him in the minds of many generations as a highly controversial character called Count Dracula. But why the name of Dracula?Vampire Island (Full Documentary) - Timeline
And why was Transylvania chosen as the land of these mysterious and terrifying creatures called vampires? At that time, Romania was a country not known to many foreigners, mostly rural, with a strong belief in creatures of the night.
A country that still preserved alive the memory of one of its most feared leaders, Vlad the Impaler. The name of Dracula has its origin in his father's name, Vlad Dracul, also known as Vlad the Dragon, a name he received after becoming a member of the Order of the Dragon.
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Throughout his life, Vlad the Impaler was one of the fiercest enemies of the Ottoman Empire, and stories of his cruelty rapidly spread throughout Europe. Portrait of Vlad the Impaler. Wikipedia The most famous act of Vlad the Impaler is one he performed during the Ottoman Invasion of Wallachia in Mehmed II raised an army of more thanpeople, which is said to be second in size only to the one that occupied Constantinople in However, his attack failed, because they confused the tents and assassinated two viziers instead.
After seeing this, Sultan Mehmed II was amazed and decided that he can not deprive of his country the man who had done such an act. Some scholars have posited the theory that Stoker actually did see such a manuscript. No doubt Stoker did do some research at the British Museum, but there is not a shred of evidence that he did any of it on the historical Dracula. Now, he could have. The material was certainly there. Christopher Frayling lists what would have been available at the time: Could this be the mysterious document to which Arminius alludes?
This is, of course, speculation.
Yet for many, it has become fact: The caption accompanying the woodcut reads: But the logic behind the argument — Stoker was at the British Museum, the Bamberg pamphlet was at the British Museum, and therefore Stoker saw the pamphlet — is fallacious. One result of all of this is that readers, accepting these hypotheses as fact, begin to look to the novel for corroborating evidence.
Another popular piece of speculation began as early as There is a story that he [Vlad] bribed his guards into bringing him small birds which he would mutilate and then impale on sticks in neat rows. If true, this was echoed by Stoker in his powerful characterisation of the lunatic Renfield, who caught flies to feed spiders to feed birds which he devoured himself. This connecting of impalement to the staking of vampires is misleading, and overlooks three facts: Why was his castle situated in the Borgo Pass instead of at Poenari?
There is a very simple answer to these questions: Considering the preposterous conclusions that the premises behind such questions have generated, a closer look seems warranted.
Vlad the Impaler the Inspiration Behind Count Dracula | Ancient Origins
A cursory glance shows a recurrence of villainous Counts: How much did Bram Stoker know about the historical Dracula? There is no doubt that the material was available. But how meticulous a researcher was Stoker? We know that he read and took notes from a number of books and articles for a complete list, see Leatherdale, Origins and that some of this material found its way into his novel almost verbatim.
But his research seems to have been haphazard though at times fortuitous rather than scholarly. That his rendering of historical and geographical data is fragmented and at times erroneous can be explained by the fact that Stoker seemed content to combine bits and pieces of information from his sources without any concern for accuracy.
After all, Stoker was writing a Gothic novel, not a historical treatise. And he was writing Dracula in his spare time, of which I doubt he had much. He may very well have found more material about the historical Dracula, had he had the time to look for it. But in the absence of any proof to the contrary, I am not convinced that he did. I have other reasons for taking this position. There are only two possible answers: Was Stoker so sophisticated a novelist that he deliberately suppressed material for artistic purposes?
One need only consider how greedily he gobbled up and reproduced a significant amount of rather trivial information. One could argue that absence can be as important as presence: Such interpretations are intriguing, but one must bear in mind that there is a difference between interpretation and fact.
As for the theories about the connections between the Count and the Voivode, they are with the exception of the link to Wilkinson based on circumstantial evidence, some of which is quite flimsy. Nor do I deny that he added bits and pieces of obscure historical detail to flesh out a past for his vampire. But I do vehemently challenge the widespread view that Stoker was knowledgeable about the historical Dracula beyond what he read in Wilkinson and that he based his Count on the life and character of Vlad.
While it is true that the resurgence of interest in Dracula since the early s is due in no small measure to the theories about such connections, the theories themselves do not withstand the test of close scrutiny.
Works Cited Boner, Charles. Its People and its Products. Vampire Stories by Women. Fact, Legend and Fiction. Dziemianowicz and Martin H. Eastern Europe on a Shoestring.
The Man Who Wrote Dracula: A Biography of Bram Stoker.
The Genesis of Dracula. Memorial University of Newfoundland,