Cultural identity - Wikipedia
Each of us seeks to know our personal identity and where and how we fit into the between cultures, and also between individuals within and across cultural .. and encourages competitive rather than cooperative political relationships. This chapter discusses the relationship between personal identity and what is variously called group identity, reference group orientation, and — in the broadest. In this context I try to explain the difference between culture and identity. Sociology has been concerned with the relationship between individual and society.
Sometimes these contradictions are destructive, but they can also be creative and positive. As a "historical reservoir," culture is an important factor in shaping identity. Nation is a large factor of the cultural complexity, as it constructs the foundation for individual's identity but it may contrast with ones cultural reality. Cultural identities are influenced by several different factors such as ones religionancestry, skin colour, language, classeducation, profession, skill, family and political attitudes.
These factors contribute to the development of one's identity.
We may be teachers, students, friends, bosses, employees, etc. How we act and how our schemas contribute to our positions are the building blocks of your overall cultural identity.
Cultural arena[ edit ] It is also noted that an individual's " cultural arena ", or place where one lives, impacts the culture that that person chooses to abide by. The surroundings, the environment, the people in these places play a factor in how one feels about the culture they wish to adopt.
Many immigrants find the need to change their culture in order to fit into the culture of most citizens in the country. This can conflict with an immigrant's current belief in their culture and might pose a problem, as the immigrant feels compelled to choose between the two presenting cultures. Some might be able to adjust to the various cultures in the world by committing to two or more cultures.
It is not required to stick to one culture. Many people socialize and interact with people in one culture in addition to another group of people in another culture. Thus cultural identity is able to take many forms and can change depending on the cultural area. The nature of the impact of cultural arena has changed with the advent of the Internet, bringing together groups of people with shared cultural interests who before would have been more likely to integrate into their real world cultural arena.
This plasticity is what allows people to feel like part of society wherever they go. This tends to allow people to share a way of life that generally links individuals in a certain culture that is identified by the people of that group. The affluence of communication that comes along with sharing a language promotes connections and roots to ancestors and cultural histories.
culture and identity
Language also includes the way people speak with peers, family members, authority figures, and strangers, including the tone and familiarity that is included in the language. Language learning process can also be affected by cultural identity via the understanding of specific words, and the preference for specific words when learning and using a second language. Education[ edit ] Kevin McDonough pointed out, in his article, several factors concerning support or rejection of the government for different cultural identity education systems.
During Marchthe two authors, Linda D. Labbo and Sherry L. Field collected several useful books and resources to promote multicultural education in South Africa. Dina Birman and Edison Trickett conducted a qualitative study through informal interviews with first-generation Soviet Jewish Refugee adolescents looking at the process of acculturation through three different dimensions: In a similar study, Phinney, Horencyzk, Liebkind, and Vedder focused on a model, which concentrates on the interaction between immigrant characteristics and the responses of the majority society in order to understand the psychological effects of immigration.
The researchers concluded that most studies find that being bicultural, having a combination of having a strong ethnic and national identity, yields the best adaptation in the new country of residence. An article by LaFromboise, L. Colemna, and Gerton, reviews the literature on the impact of being bicultural.
The study of culture and identity involves debates on important issues: How does way of life vary amongst cultural group: Define the word culture in your group — try to write a definition that you think might be of use to sociologist — using your sociological imagination brainstorm what you think the functions of culture are for society.
For example the way of life of a group would need to include: One way of looking at culture is to see it as providing rules by which to live. In a group, write a list of your school rules. Then produce a written answer to each of the following questions: Do you agree with your school rules?
Does everyone follow the rules? What happens if they do not? How do these rules create a shared identity in the school? How does the school encourage you to feel as though you belong to a group? Culture creates the world we live in. It also allows us to understand and interpret our own actions and the actions of others. Culture as a system and culture as a map of meaning offer different related views on what culture is, what it does and why it is important.
Culture allows us to build the reality we live in, usually through the meanings we give to symbols, passed down in language. Culture allows us to interact with others, to share common meaning, patterns of behaviour and ways of communicating.Identity Theory vs. Social Identity Theory