What is the Difference Between Counseling & Psychotherapy?
"Counselor" or "psychotherapist?" They are terms that are often used interchangeably, although they are very similar with some subtle. Learn more about the meanings of couselling and psychotherapy, their similarities and differences and why some people use them. Similarities and differences between Counselling and Psychotherapy Such patterns may interfere with relationships, success in work and career or with simply.
As a therapist I visited the same courses in theory but had to make some units more. The main difference was in self-experience and supervision.
Counsellors needed units in self-experience and 20 units of supervision while psychotherapists needed units in self-experience and units of supervision plus one year of practical experience. I think only the amount of units is commonly shared by all the different institutes in Switzerland because they are set by the professional associations or the lawmaker.What's the Difference Between a Clinical Psychologist, Counsellor, and Psychotherapist?
Theoretically there is another way to become a counsellor or psychotherapist. That one would not focus on the amount of lessons one visits but on the competencies. As a result of this approach the candidates would much more depend on the judgement of the teachers. This is probably the main reason why institutes stopped choosing this way or never chose it.
But the advantage would be that the diploma is based on the skill of the future counsellor or psychotherapist and not on his or her patience.
By this, it is setting a high standard which has to be welcomed. I think we all agree that this medical doctor did no proper counselling or psychotherapy.
So, becoming a counsellor or a psychotherapist does not only mean that we acquire knowledge and get to know ourselves better. First of all it means that we are responsible of how we use what we learned. Let us have a look at the core competencies as the Swiss Association for Counselling defines them: Basic personality and character competencies: Counsellors have basic socially oriented capacities such as contact, communication and cooperation skills as well as the ability to deal with conflict.
Counsellors have basic methodological skills including guiding processes in building relationships, objective and action oriented problem solving in accordance with the theory of the relevant psychological school and its philosophical guiding principles. Counsellors show their competencies in their practice: Counsellors ensure quality and professional development: These are needed competencies with regard to content.
Formally each member of the SAfC need to show that they have taken part in at least 30 hours of client oriented supervision during or after the training course, duly signed by the supervisor. And they agree to take part in continuous further training in the field of psychosocial counselling: Theory seminars, conferences, supervision, peer-supervision, self-experience. The Federation of Swiss Psychologists lists less explicitly needed behaviour. They are found in the code of conduct.
A psychotherapist needs hours of further training within three years. This includes courses, supervision and peer-supervision, studying specialist literature, doing research and working as a psychologist in a professional institution or committee.
What shall we do when the clients refuse to play their part properly and do not let us use our competencies? This brings us to the next point. Whatever we did or did not learn it is first of all our own decision with whom we work and how far we go in this cooperation.
For example, some people do by principle not work with addicts, others do not want to have patients with a borderline personality disorder and so on. Personal aspects of Counselling and Psychotherapy The personal aspects have very much to do with our own concepts of counselling and psychotherapy. Following Nestmann we can define a continuum with several dimensions to differ counselling and psychotherapy.
This could be displayed in a space with 12 dimensions. When we start working with a new client or patient we sooner or later are obliged to define our position on these different dimensions. It is, of course, not only up to us to decide how far we go. Following the idea that psychotherapy treats diseases and disorders we can use a diagnosis to differ the need for counselling from the need for psychotherapy. But this again is relative.
There are several active factors on the side of the client which makes counselling possible even if he or she is suffering from a mental disease. Some of these factors are: If we have for example a look at the paranoid personality disorder it can easily take one year until the patient trusts you enough to tell you something important about him or herself.
This required patience is probably one of the reasons why psychotherapy approaches more and more the field of counselling. So let us have a look at possible future developments.
Conclusion on the difference between counselling and psychotherapy What I have told you so far, hopefully makes clear that there is no clear difference between counselling and psychotherapy.
But I think that there are trends towards a definition of the boundaries of counselling. Not very surprisingly, it is the client or patient defining what he or she needs.
- Differences and similarities between counselling and psychotherapy
- Badger Brockwell Counselling & Psychotherapy
- What is the Difference Between Counseling & Psychotherapy?
This seems to be quite a reliable benchmark. Unfortunately it is not. All, it seems, may be classified as mental derangement, and treated as such. And the sets of symptoms described by the DSM are often common. As soon as we talk about power, talking about money is not far. The ones in power are not very keen on giving away some of it to another group—little matter what skills the members of the other group have.
This attitude treats counselling and psychotherapy like foes.
Treating diseases for some people means the right to be paid by the health assurances. This brings psychotherapy in conflict with psychiatry. On the other side psychiatry tries to enter the field of psychotherapy and even counselling by calling it social psychiatry. Instead of narrowing in on individual problems, psychotherapy considers overall patterns, chronic issues, and recurrent feelings.
This requires an openness to exploring the past and its impact on the present. The aim of psychotherapy is to resolve the underlying issues which fuel ongoing complaints. Psychotherapists help to resolve past experiences as part of laying the foundation for a satisfying future. Many psychotherapists are open to and interested in wisdom from a variety of sources: Therapists should be comfortable working with strong feelings, traumatic memories, and the therapeutic relationship.
Psychotherapy is not a licensed profession in Colorado. Colorado psychotherapists must register with the Department of Regulatory Agencies, but they do not have specific training or educational requirements.
However, you can narrow your search for a counselor or psychotherapist by considering the following things: Do you have a single concern that you would like to get some feedback on? Never the less it is still imagined of counselling as something that you can begin to do after a shorter period of training and less in-depth self-analysis.
The training courses for counselling and psychotherapy often seem to reinforce this as psychotherapy courses are normally at a postgraduate level, so that an individual needs to have a degree already. And the level on counselling courses is often a little less academic than on psychotherapy courses.
This difference is sometimes reflected in counsellors receiving less pay than the psychotherapists that they work along side in such places as hospitals. According to the charity Counselling this all adds up to a situation where: In addition the academic and professional standing of counselling has recently increased, as Rowan Bayne, Jenny Bimrose and Ian Horton note: However Bayne et al go on to mention that not everyone thinks this move is a positive development.
They cite Illich et al. In addition greater academic requirements also mean greater cost to the person training, and therefore people from poorer sections of society may have less chance to become a counsellor. One of the advantages of the situation of having counselling courses as short, cheaper and more accessible courses is that they are very inclusive.
Working mothers, part time workers, the unemployed etc can normally find some way to take some form of counselling course. The degree of training which psychotherapists and counsellors receive is another area of note. The UKCP system is that an individual must have completed postgraduate level course in psychotherapy that lasted at least 4 years part time.
The BCP is even more thorough. It requires one year of personal training 5 days a week at 50 minutes each session. This is followed by three years of theoretical and clinical seminars three times a weekand this is done simultaneously with up to two years of supervised psychoanalysis of two patients again 50 minutes each, 5 times a week.
Only on successful completion of this process can the person apply for associate membership in the British Psychoanalytical Society. In addition, this process is usually not even started until the applicant is already well qualified in a related discipline.
Counseling vs. Psychotherapy: Key Similarities and Differences
Contrast this to certain courses in counselling where the training is shorter and less intensive. It is noted as being: The diploma also requires only hours of supervised counselling practice BCP is more than hours.
This course is at a reputable University, and may be a very good one. However, many counselling courses are run by smaller, private organisations, and some of these seem to put ease of qualification before quality of work.
A certain college advertises a course of only 3 to 6 months, of home study, and claims: This is a claim that on the face of it seems almost laughable when compared to the rigorous process of qualification for the BCP psychoanalysts this may explain why there are only just over of them compared to around 23, members of the BACP. So although the attributes gained during training are universally seen as important, there is, according to Cosca Consequently all training courses include elements that aim to develop self-awareness but the amount and proportion of time devoted to this, as well as the format, vary.
Even within the world of psychotherapy there are points of disagreement. However Joscelyn Richards, Chairman of the BCP disagreed and insisted that there were considerable differences in terms of the level of training and supervision acceptable in the two. In addition she noted that in her opinion: However, it should be said that perhaps sometimes short-term training might well be more useful than it seems.
Hypnotherapy is a case in point.
The Importance of the Relationship in Counseling and Psychotherapy
The basic skill may be learned quickly by someone sufficiently focused and suitable. Therefore long training may be unnecessary. So perhaps the main aspect that such short courses fall down is not the skill, but the lack of a long period of supervised therapy of clients.