Pakistan–United States relations - Wikipedia
Afghanistan–Pakistan relations involve bilateral relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan. . Pakhtunkhwa Millat Party to champion the cause of independence in relation to both Pakistan and Afghanistan. After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December , the United States joined Pakistan to counter Soviet. The state of the recently contentious relationship between Pakistan and the Trump administration rests squarely on whether Washington's new. Ahead of President Obama's December review of the U.S. war effort in Afghanistan, a new Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)-sponsored Independent Task.
On the other hand, Pakistan is a much weaker state than the US, poor economically and backward in weapons and technology. So how can Pakistan eliminate the Taliban completely, while the US has also failed?
Pakistan cannot be blamed for US failures in Afghanistan. A second allegation is that Pakistan is providing safe havens to Taliban from where they continue their operations. Yet the US has been fighting for at least 16 years in Afghanistan, with a well-trained, well-equipped army, but has not been able to occupy or control Afghanistan completely.
Americans cannot walk freely and fearlessly in the streets of Kabul. They are not safe except inside military camps. Under these circumstances, why would Taliban need to seek refuge inside Pakistan, if they can freely operate inside Afghanistan? This is especially so after the Pakistan Army has launched a massive operation in border areas along with the Afghan government and cleared the whole region of Taliban. The rest was actually the expenditure occurred by Pakistan and verified by the US side and then reimbursed to Pakistan or through need-based sales of military hardware to Pakistan.
A major part of it has gone back to US consultants and some to the ruling or political elite in Pakistan as bribes. The actual amount on real contributions toward the Pakistani people is negligible. Therefore on the ground there has been almost no trickle-down impact on the common man. All of these details are well documented and based on mutually agreed procedures, which are available for audit at any moment if desired by the US.
A fourth allegation, thought not made very openly, is that Pakistan is providing space to China. The US has gained huge economic benefits through these wars and has conducted live tests and trials of new weapons, technologies and war techniques. But now the US is facing challenges, starting in Syria, where Russia has halted the US-led strategy to remove Bashar al-Assad as president of that country.
In fact, the US faced a defeat in a recent UN General Assembly session on the issue of Jerusalem by seeing only nine votes in favor against against, with 35 abstentions. Even close US allies did not vote in its favor. Honestly speaking, the US has been exposed in front of the world, that its role for the last several decades has been only making war, killing innocent people, destroying humanity, occupying the resources of other countries, carrying out conspiracies against other nations, conducting sabotage and spreading hate.
Meanwhile, China is rising as hope for the oppressed world.
It will improve regional connectivity and will help promote economic activities, as well as creating job opportunities, eliminating poverty, and promoting cooperation and security. They are trying to curtail China and are making close alliances with the countries around China such as India, Japan, Vietnam, Myanmar and the Philippines.
This all-weather friendship is time-tested, in all dimensions. Our relations are based on mutual respect, non-interference, and mutual interests, and are in accordance with the best international practices.
Pakistan fully supports the BRI and is one of the biggest beneficiaries of it. Pakistan cannot compromise on its relations with China at all. Meanwhile the US is using India to disrupt CPEC, providing the latest technologies, latest weapons and new tactics, logistics, and intelligence support to India.
Transfer of advanced technologies may lead India to develop weapons of mass destruction, which will destabilize not only this region but the whole world. Going forward, a convergence of interests and not a normative blame game will bring about a final solution in Afghanistan. There is an opportunity for the two sides to work together to find a mutually agreeable end state.
The U.S.-Pakistan Relationship and Finding an End State in Afghanistan
The optimism stems from the fact that both sides are highly constrained in their options and yet remain frustrated with the status quo.
Three Pakistani limitations should give Washington hope. A reversion to an anarchic Afghanistan with little or no state authority would imply a fresh refugee spillover and economic burden on Pakistan. Pakistan is also wary of the possibility of the TTP using a lawless Afghanistan as a safe haven to launch attacks within Pakistani territory once the U.
The anti-Pakistan groups appear intent on fighting Islamabad, regardless of what happens in Afghanistan. There is a realization that the Afghan Taliban may have already peaked militarily and that a lengthy civil war would have to ensue for Taliban militants to take over Afghanistan; Pakistan is neither willing nor able to back a new civil war across the border. Pakistan is also cognizant of the development benefits large pockets of Afghan society have extracted from the U. Third, Pakistan has an interest in having the Afghan insurgent groups currently present in its tribal belt relocated to Afghanistan.
Their presence provides the TTP and other anti-Pakistan groups the ability to present their actions as an extension of the Afghan fight against the Americans. The sheer proximity of the two factions carries a lingering threat of growing organic, and perhaps even covert, links.
In practical terms, the above implies substantial convergence in U. To begin with, both sides see an interest in stabilizing Afghanistan. This should prevent Pakistan from supporting any move that raises Western costs to a point that they consider a premature troop withdrawal.
U.S., Pakistan Optimistic About Improving Relations After Talks
Next, the averseness to the Afghanistan of the s means that Pakistan is open to a broad-based government in Kabul. Approaching the End State Despite some shared goals between the United States and Pakistan, there should not be unwarranted optimism.
There are a number of differences that need to be addressed within this frame of convergence. It is still not clear whether Washington would accept the three Afghan insurgent groups playing a role in the new government.US Seeks Pakistan’s Help With Afghanistan to Improve Ties
Moreover, the United States would likely seek as a prerequisite a guarantee that Afghan soil would not be used against U. Pakistan will be unable to provide any such assurance. If so, will India find enough reason to oblige? The United States will have to be realistic as it moves forward. If repeated recent U. An imperfect yet defendable settlement is the best one can hope for at this point. Pakistan on its part must not get carried away by its success in regaining a place at the table.
Its achievement is tactical at best, and any flirtation with unrealistic goals in Afghanistan may cause this to be converted into a strategic loss.
US-Pakistan Relations Worsen as Both Sides Dig In
Be that as it may, Washington and Islamabad are best advised to focus exclusively on the points of convergence identified in this article. Within this framework, they should seek a minimal end state acceptable to both. Should this pass, both Pakistan and the United States may be eventual losers.
Yusuf is the South Asia adviser at the U. Inhe co-founded Strategic and Economic Policy Research, a private sector consultancy firm in Pakistan.