Harry Truman - HISTORY
Harry S. Truman (May 8, – December 26, ) became the 33rd president of the United .. It also created a relationship between Truman and Roosevelt's aide Harry Hopkins and assured Truman's avid support for the New Deal. Aug 25, ''Eleanor and Harry'' is the written record of their relationship, letters For his part, Truman had admired Franklin Roosevelt greatly, but had. Jun 6, My research began with the question of why FDR hid the atomic bomb from Truman. But it soon turned into questioning why FDR and Truman.
He also began holding open press conferences and giving regular national radio addresses in which he spoke directly to the American people.
After passage of the Emergency Banking Relief Act, three out of every four banks were open within a week. He faced opposition from the Supreme Court over his New Deal programs, and proposed an expansion of the court that would allow him to appoint one new justice for every sitting justice 70 or older.
Republicans gained ground in the midterm congressional elections, however, and soon formed an alliance with conservative Democrats that would block further reform legislation. By the end ofas support for the New Deal was waning, Roosevelt faced a new looming challenge, this time on the international stage. Germany captured France by the end of Juneand Roosevelt persuaded Congress to provide more support for Britain, now left to combat the Nazi menace on its own.
Despite the two-term tradition for presidents in place since the time of George WashingtonRoosevelt decided to run for reelection again in ; he defeated Wendell L. Wilkie by nearly 5 million votes. On December 8,the day after Japan bombed the U. The first president to leave the country during wartime, Roosevelt spearheaded the alliance between countries combating the Axis, meeting frequently with Churchill and seeking to establish friendly relations with the Soviet Union and its leader, Joseph Stalin.
Meanwhile, he spoke constantly on the radio, reporting war events and rallying the American people in support of the war effort as he had for the New Deal. Yalta Conference and Franklin D.
The Soviet leader kept that promise, but failed to honor his pledge to establish democratic governments in the eastern European nations then under Soviet control. After Roosevelt returned from Yalta, he was so weak that he was forced to sit down while addressing Congress for the first time in his presidency. Less than three months later, on April 12,the president died suddenly of a cerebral hemorrhage at age In an effort to end the war in the Pacific and prevent the massive U.
In the aftermath of the war, the Truman administration had to contend with deteriorating U.
Franklin D. Roosevelt - HISTORY
The president adopted a policy of containment toward Soviet expansion and the spread of communism. Inhe introduced the Truman Doctrine to provide aid to Greece and Turkey in an effort to protect them from communist aggression.
That same year, Truman also instituted the Marshall Planwhich gave billions of dollars in aid to help stimulate economic recovery in European nations. The president defended the plan by stating that communism would thrive in economically depressed regions. InTruman initiated an airlift of food and other supplies to the Western-held sectors of Berlin, Germany, that were blockaded by the Soviets.
He also recognized the new state of Israel. On the home front, Truman was faced with the challenge of transitioning America to a peacetime economy.
Amid labor disputes, a shortage of consumer goods and a national railroad strike, he saw his approval ratings plummet. He ran for reelection in and was widely expected to lose to Republican challenger Thomas Dewey.
However, Truman conducted a vigorous whistle-stop campaign in which he traveled by train around the country, giving hundreds of speeches. The president and his running mate Alben Barkleya U. Dixiecrat candidate Strom Thurmond earned 39 electoral votes and 2.Funeral Of President Roosevelt (1945)
The president set forth an ambitious social reform agenda, known as the Fair Deal, which included national medical insurance, federal housing programs, a higher minimum wage, assistance for farmers, repeal of the Taft-Hartley labor act, increases in Social Security and civil rights reforms. The president supported the creation in of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATOa military alliance of democratic nations, including the United States, Canada, France, the United Kingdom and eight other countries, and appointed Dwight Eisenhower as its first commander.
Also that year, a revolution in China brought the Communists to power, and the Soviets tested their first nuclear weapon.
Additionally, during his second term Truman had to contend with unproven accusations made by U.