1 Samuel 25 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete)
Abigail Nabal David 1 Samuel 25 submission Bible biblia in everything—after all, that's what Paul says in Ephesians is Zechariah in 1 Chronicles , the Levites in 2 Chronicles , and Sherebiah in Ezra  I wonder why Abigail's parents arranged such a marriage for their daughter. David Guzik commentary on 1 Samuel 25, where Samuel dies, and Abigail 1 Samuel; · 16 · 17 · 18 · 19 · 20 · 21 · 22 · 23 · 24 · 25 · 26 · 27 · 28 · 29 · 30 · 31 1 Chronicles says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the that place not because the marriage was arranged but because they chose it. 1 Samuel 25 Commentary, One of over Bible commentaries freely available, Narrative Analogy in1Samuel," Tyndale Bulletin31 ()] . would have undone all his carefully crafted relationships with his fellow Israelites.
Furthermore, David recognises that Abigail was sent by God. May you be blessed for your good judgment and for keeping me from bloodshed this day. She took the initiative when he was unable or unwilling to act, and she even apologised for his rude behaviour. Biblical submission is not about blind obedience or subservience. Healthy submission is characterised by loyalty, humility, and consideration, and it seeks the greater good.
Ideally, it should be mutual and reciprocal, rather than one-sided, with both husband and wife helping and serving each other. Abigail was a smart, strong, young woman who helped her husband by going against his wishes. God used Abigail to help David and encourage him with her prophetic words. Abigail was a remarkable woman with beauty and brains. Abigail may have been a young, new wife and had not yet conceived. The other six female prophets are: The word we-hinneh enables the reader to look with her eyes: Her actions and reactions are pres- 13 See D.
His name does not only have the meaning of fool, but also the connotation of wine-skin. Her reactions are depicted by a series of wayyiqtol forms: She starts a long discourse addressed to David v. This is how he characterizes himself: For the third time, we read what this protection meant: Nevertheless the man gave nothing to David, who protected his possessions.
In the speech to his young men as recorded in v. Only one con- clusion remains: In the second part, David ponders over the situation and concludes: The intention is clear: For nothing I protected all he has of all he has, he missed nothing. God will do so and more if I will leave one of all he has.
In other words, David states that Nabal, who has everything, will become nothing, and that he who missed nothing, will lose all; he calls 15 M. Without her actions, David will surely go out and kill Nabal and his house. He is characterized by this premeditated killing, even though he himself evaluates this future homicide as justified and legitimised, as his invocation of God shows.
Abigail will do both. The beginning and ending of her in- troduction concerns herself: Embedded in this introduc- tory scenery is her triple appeal to David: Thus she profiles her triple ap- peal against the background of the triple characterization of the main actors.
1 Samuel 25
The next part of her speech v. In her whole discourse, she refers seven times to YHWH. Abigail describes a modal world as an indica- tive world. She repeats this clever strategy in the clause that opens with the second we-attah: Again she is ahead of events: Nabal is still fine, but she anticipates his state after YHWH will have struck him.
1 Samuel 25 Commentary - Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable
At the same time, she opens up another possibility. The preposition k in lbnk vyhy shows that she makes a comparison: The most obvious enemy is 16 This is almost an anagram: David and Abigail in I Samuel 25 Saul, and he was also a person who actually attempted to do evil to David. In both cases, referring to Nabal or to Saul, Abigail reveals a prophetic view of future events. Once aware of this parallel, some earlier phrases presented by Abi- gail light up differently. When she says in v.
Thus, Abigail seems to present words which can be understood on two levels: The opening verse v. She states this at the very moment she meets David and his men going up for battle against Nabal.
Is this, then, a fight supported by YHWH? The third clause v. The following verses will make this clear.
In the next verse v. In the next clause, she talks about the two consequences marked by htyhvand here she speaks in rather general terms, too: In short, the formulation in v. This last conclusion, which David should draw, is described twice, firstly in v.
Both times she describes it in the same way, viz. The unusual linkage by means of a waw in v. Because David has to draw this con- clusion, and has to act accordingly. She has already mentioned why it is up to YHWH to kill: The narrator confirms this in v. David and Abigail in I Samuel 25 In v. She identifies David as a dygn over Israel. However, leadership is not her issue, since she is only dealing with the relationship between David and Nabal.
Whereas Nabal repudiates David and identifies him as a servant who has run away from his master, i. Saul, Abigail qualifies him as a leader. It is the conclusive evidence of her talking on two levels: She provides more details about all elements of her kernel sentence in v.
Abi- gail summarizes this double presentation in v. By doing so, knowledge of one field source domain is extended into an until then unconnected other field of experience or knowledge target domain. Turner, More than Cool Reason. Indurkhya, Metaphor and Cognition. She described her husband as a fool 1 Samuel Is this how a wife should speak of her husband, even if he is a fool? Perhaps she meant that in responding to David as he had, Nabal had substantiated what others called him. If David had interpreted her description of her husband as disloyal, it is doubtful that David would have asked her to marry him later 1 Samuel She might have proved disloyal to him too.
Abigail proceeded to help David view his situation from God"s perspective. She referred to the Lord as the One who, in response to her words, was restraining him from shedding innocent blood 1 Samuel She was anticipating David"s proper response to her appeal.
She further wished that all who opposed David, as Nabal had done, would be ineffective. She presented her gift of food and asked for David"s forgiveness, again as the substitute for her husband 1 Samuel She believed that Yahweh would give David an enduring dynasty because he fought the Lord"s battles 1 Samuel In this she again anticipated David"s proper response to her request. She believed God would preserve David alive, a blessing promised in the Mosaic Law for those who obeyed God cf.
Shepherds carried two bundles, one in which they carried food for themselves and the other in which they placed stones to hurl at the enemies of their sheep. Mackie, Bible Manners and Customs, p Abigail also believed that David would reign as king one day, which she had learned that God had revealed 1 Samuel Samuel had recognized David as the future king 1 Samuel She anticipated that day and viewed David as having a good conscience then for not taking vengeance against Nabal, since vengeance belongs to God.
Often the early sins of leaders come back to haunt them when they later attain high office.
This act would surely have brought reprobation on David and would have undone all his carefully crafted relationships with his fellow Israelites. In all that she said, Abigail revealed a godly perspective that was totally absent in her husband. There are many similarities between Abigail"s appeal to David here and the appeal of the wise woman of Tekoa in 2 Samuel In short, she must win David without betraying Nabal.
Abigail devises the perfect solution to the dilemma: In other words, while overtly defending him, she covertly dissociates herself from him.
Consequently he blessed the Lord, her discernment, and her. God had used David"s conscience to keep him from killing Saul 1 Samuel Wise David, who listened to the words of a woman who was a stranger to him, contrasts with foolish Nabal, who would not listen to the words of his wise wife or his fearful servants. Thus godly Abigail, another wise person, became a blessing to David. Earlier Hebrewsa godly person, had been a blessing to her and her household.
- Abigail: A Bible Woman with Beauty and Brains
- David Guzik :: Study Guide for 1 Samuel 25
- Bible Commentaries
She kept him from sinning 1 Samuel Verses Nabal"s response to the news of Abigail"s appeal He was totally oblivious to his mortal danger. He was feasting rather than fasting.
He was behaving like a king, the ultimate authority, rather than as a servant of the next king cf. Here is another allusion to the similarity between Nabal and Saul who both viewed themselves proudly as kings. Pride was the root of Nabal"s folly as well as Saul"s folly, and it preceded destruction in both of their cases.
A Leader Led by a Lady. David and Abigail in I Samuel 25 | ellen van wolde - vlozodkaz.info
Abigail wisely waited until morning before telling her husband what a close brush he had had with death. By then the wine had gone out of him. The writer made a clever play on words here. The Hebrew word for wineskin is nebel. It is as though he was suggesting that Nabal was a nebel. When the wine had gone out of him, he was nothing. The writer may even have been suggesting that all there was to Nabal was his bladder, his personal wineskin.
David had earlier vowed, literally, that he would not leave anyone who urinated against the wall i. The writer pictured Nabal in the most uncomplimentary terms. Nabal"s heart died within him when he finally realized what a fool he had been. The Hebrews used the heart metaphorically to describe the seat of courage.
No courage remained in him. Nabal further appears to have gone catatonic; when he realized what had happened, the shock immobilized him. Ten days later he died, perhaps of a stroke.Nabal the Nabal - I Samuel 25 (Fool Fighters #4)
The writer gave God the credit for terminating his life prematurely. Sometimes people who fail to respond to the will of God die prematurely cf. God struck Nabal dead for his pride and opposition to the Lord"s anointed.
God would do the same to Saul for the same reasons. Nabal"s death undoubtedly encouraged David to believe that God would take vengeance on Saul. David"s experiences with Nabal were a microcosm of all that he had been enduring for so long with Saul, another fool.