Hippolytus by Euripides
Start studying Classical Mythology: Study List for Quiz 3. In revenge, Phaedra wrote Theseus a letter that claimed Hippolytus raped her. Theseus believed her. When Phaedra finds out Hippolytus does not love her but instead wants to marry far away from prying eyes, she hopes to pursue an illicit sexual relationship. Dramatic necessity dictates that in spite of the extraordinary intensity of her emotions, Phaedra does not dominate the stage entirely. If Hippolytus were only.
The Greek tragedies don't really seem to use it either, so I am not sure what Aristotle is getting at when he was writing his poetics.
Mind you, I don't think Aristotle was around during the period when the great playwrights were writing their plays, and while one could consider that drama as an artform was still developing, it seemed that by the time Sophocles and Euripides were writing their plays and competing against each other drama had reached a reasonably mature form.
One could consider that Phaedra and Theseus are the tragic heroes in this play and that Hippolytus has just an innocent victim. It is not the only play where the tragic hero is not the title character, the same is the case of Julius Ceaser: Now, the issue with Phaedra is that she is madly in love with Hippolytus however Hippolytus is Theseus' son not by Phaedra and Phaedra is married to Theseus, so there is a problem.
The second problem is that Hippolytus has devoted himself to the goddess Artemis, the Goddess of nature and the wilds. In keeping with Artemis' character, Hippolytus has chosen a life of celibacy. Despite that Phaedra is still his step mother and I am very doubtful that Hippolytus would betray his father by sleeping with his stepmother.
Phaedra: A Novel of Ancient Athens
Strangely enough it is this type of relationship that Paul goes ballistic at the Corinthians for in the New Testament. Seriously, it is not a comforting idea, even though Phaedra is not his mother by birth. Remember, it is this sin that drives Oedipus to gouge out his eyes and exile himself though Jocasta is his mother by birth.
Now, the play opens with a very upset Aphrodite and the reason that she is upset is because Hippolytus is celibate.
It confuses me somewhat as to why a god would get so uptight over a single celibate man, but I have a feeling that it goes quite deeper than that. I guess we need to consider the Greek Gods in a more ancient and pagan sense where they personify ideas and concepts, and in Aphrodite's case that concept is sexual love though I suspect that is where Eros comes in, the Greek Gods can be quite confusing, though I know that Aphrodite is a major god while Eros is not. Anyway, the play demonstrates the fickleness of the gods, where by devoting himself to Artemis Hippolytus earns the enmity of Aphrodite.
In a way it is a lose lose situation, and I suspect something that Hippolytus is confronting. I also suspect that Euripides is not a very big fan of this.
Phaedra: A Novel of Ancient Athens by June Rachuy Brindel
Now, Hippolytus is not actually living with his father, he is old enough to go out on his own, however because Theseus is purging some sin which remains unnamed in the play he has taken his wife Phaedra to Trozen to become pure.
Now, there were issues between Phaedra and Hippolytus back in Athens, and Hippolytus left, probably for his own sanity, however Phaedra's yearning for him has not gone away.
Hippolytus was first performed for the City Dionysia in B. Major Themes Lust and Continence Framing the action of Hippolytus is a prologue and an epilogue, each spoken by a goddess.
Within the play, these goddesses are Aphrodite, goddess of love, and Artemis, goddess of chastity. We can allegorize the representations of these goddesses and read the drama as a conflict between lust and continence, played out by Phaedra lust and Hippolytus continence. Euripides refuses, however, to turn this conflict into a moral commentary, condemning either lust or continence, which we, as a modern audience, might expect.
Instead of a moral commentary, the two conflicting elements simply reveal the power that passion holds over humans.
- Revision:Greek Tragedy: Hippolytus - context and comparisons
Betrayal At the heart of the conflict in Hippolytus is the theme of betrayal, which threatens nearly every human relationship in the play. While she struggles to overcome her lust, she explains her troubles to the nurse, from whom she exacts a promise never to reveal the cause of her suffering.Miscellaneous Myths: Hyacinthus
In death, Phaedra betrays her stepson, leaving behind a letter that falsely accuses him of raping her. Upon returning home, Theseus discovers the letter and assumes his son has betrayed him.
It is interesting to note that Hippolytus is the only character who manages to avoid the act of betrayal. Hippolytus is the particular devotee of Artemis, which we are to realize means that he worships this goddess to the exclusion of the other gods. Although the text indicates that Phaedra writes the letter to avoid the shame that public knowledge of her desire would bring, we can also read this as an act of revenge against the man who so cruelly rejects her.
The play concludes with a final promise of revenge from Artemis. People customarily worshiped all of the gods rather than choose whom they wanted to obey. A patron god or goddess would have been acceptable; indeed, heroes with specific patrons populate many Greek myths. However, insulting a god by refusing to worship him would have been suicide, which the play so aptly demonstrates.
One of the more famous myths about Artemis features the goddess punishing a mortal man, Actaeon, who sees her bathing. Due to the similarities between the goddesses, we can read them as foils for each other: This reading can help us understand how the two goddesses relate to each other and, more generally, about the relationships between the Olympian gods.
Their interaction typifies the relationships between the gods, which range in disposition from tolerant to hostile. But gradually,beginning with the strange way that he neglects to change the black sails to white on their ship,so causing King Aegius' suicide,his image becomes tarnished in her eyes; at last she is forced to concede that he is an enemy of the worship in which she and he has been brought up in Troezen, the worship of the Goddess.
Theseus begins to revel in brutality, to show signs of mental imbalance, and none dare oppose him. Phaedra - heir to the throne of matriarchal Crete, he has abducted from Crete to be his Queen. He keeps her as a prisoner in his palaces and opresses her, yet in opposing his attack on the Goddess religion and slaughter of its practitioners, she will not condone violence against him and his warriors, and somehow, interestingly, manages to regard him with an almost saintly loving-kindness without losing her sense of self-worth or dignity.
No sufferer of 'Stockholm Syndrome' she. Unlike her older sister Ariadne in he prequel,she believes that as the manifestation of the Goddess on Earth, if she condones violence, 'The Goddess will die'. How fortunate it is that she is to be your Queen.