NovelGuide: Coriolanus: Essay Q&A | Novelguide
Feb 14, Coriolanus and Aufidius see each other not only as rivals but as models for emulation, and there are hints of a quasi-homosexual relationship. is the obvious fact that one must transcend something; the relation be- . Aufidius is the only person in the play, besides Volumnia, whom Coriolanus respects and this because. Aufidius moi-meme, who can believe in his own reality only. Get an answer for 'Compare and contrast the characters of Coriolanus and Aufidius as well as their relationship with each other.' and find homework help for .
As Northrop Frye remarks, in a study on the ambivalence of tragedy: Coriolanus, who is caught up in yet another survival game, finally becomes aware of the strategic gap that separates what seems and what is.
Shakespeare's Coriolanus: An insight into Homo-Social Relationships | Jacques Klick - vlozodkaz.info
Something his mother had sought to make him understand in Act iii, scene ii. This is a character for whom being could never give in to seeming. He opposed his mother on this very point: Volumnia had then argued: A lesson Coriolanus seems to have learnt as he abandons his authoritative stance and surrenders to the collective vision of his mother, wife, and child, and to the supplications not to destroy Rome, his birthplace — all mirrors of his otherness.
The ultimate paradox of the play, Richard Marienstras argues, is that Coriolanus is made to play the role of a traitor at that point in the play when he desperately strives to behave according to Nature and in keeping with his nature. His character is also tragic because it is made to incorporate and act out the antagonisms between two nations that paradoxically, constitute the natural grounding of civic unity: She reminds him that she has acted as an organic provider of that condition, being herself the very source of a kind.
If anything, it is he who shares in her state of otherness. However distinct the being, the quality of otherness is inherited and passed on. Is that a shame? Yet by reminding Coriolanus that otherness remains a transmitted rather than spontaneous state, Volumnia is only stating the truth of the mean. Her speech, which has an impact on both the hero and the collective community, ensures a sense of communion, as the messenger reports: The ladies have prevailed.
It only stresses a shift in dynamics, as the play no longer grants the old demagogue the ability to sway collective otherness, but leaves Menenius to play the meagre role that he ironically repudiates: As Granville Barker argues: It is from this outward stance that I will now pursue this analysis of the staging of collective otherness in Coriolanus. A first exchange takes place between two individualised citizens.
For instance, it is not clear to what extent the farewell line: In order to identify and situate the choric function in Coriolanus, we need to consider each time not only who pronounces the lines, but also how these lines are spoken. The first and second citizens, who speak in turn, punctually incite the rest of the company to join in the debate on the hero and their current situation in the city. These verbs are emphatically repeated.
Yet their linguistic pattern seems more personalized. If such short sentences can only be aligned on the printed page, they need not be pronounced on stage in linear fashion.
There follows a set of legal phrases, and to begin with: He initiates a dialogue on a critical mode that seems to parody the Greek parodos, an opening ode that celebrated a heroic character. He repeatedly denounces their inability to stand up and fight for their country. SD1the people i. Indeed, it exacerbates the ambivalent nature of the chorus, as both a rowdy, disorderly crowd of civilians up in arms, and a group of organized, military men.
As such, the word brings to mind two Attic tragedies: What is noteworthy is the migrating identity of the choric group from the citizens of Rome to a group of military men. Once they have passed sentence on Coriolanus without a trialthey refuse to allow his supporters to speak in his defense III. They bring about their ends in a cunning, underhand way that contrasts starkly with the guileless if extraordinarily rude and insulting openness of Coriolanus.
Nevertheless, by Shakespeare's standards, the tribunes are low-key villains because they do not have to try hard to entrap Coriolanus. His own undoubted failings make him an easy target. When he appears before the plebeians to ask them to restore their support for him to be consul, the tribunes plot to "Put him to choler [anger] straight" III. It takes only a few words from Sicinius, accusing him of being a "traitor to the people" III. Such a man is manifestly unsuited to the office of consul in an emerging democracy, and it could be said that the tribunes have done Rome a favor in preventing his election to the office.
Indeed, Coriolanus does not appear to want to be consul for his own sake; he is only fulfilling Volumnia's will, which is another confirmation that he should not be consul.
If the tribunes were only preventing Coriolanus from attaining this office, it would be possible to claim that their scheming brought about a happy result for Rome. But in an extreme and vindictive measure, they also banish Coriolanus from his native land. In spite of his faults, Coriolanus does not deserve such treatment, and in this episode he is largely an innocent victim. The tribunes have wielded power without an awareness of the possible consequences.
They are set to become the victim of their own plotting when Coriolanus plans to attack Rome with Aufidius. This turn of events makes their political scheming redundant. They are only saved by the intervention of Volumnia, whose victory, ironically, means the downfall of her son for breaking his word to the Volscians.
Coriolanus's humiliating death in an enemy city is partly due to the tribunes' banishing him, but it is equally due to his decision to obey Volumnia rather than honor his agreement with the Volscians.
Thus, Coriolanus's downfall is partly due to the tribunes' scheming, but partly due to his own personality and decisions. The tribunes could not have succeeded in their plots if Coriolanus were a more moderate, more integrated man.
Analyze Coriolanus's relationship with his mother Volumnia. In a world where women were viewed as subservient to men and were expected to spend their time in such feminine pursuits as sewing and music, Volumnia has found an outlet for her fierce ambition and pride: She has brought Coriolanus up to be a great warrior, and is so hungry for his fame that she looks forward with eagerness to his acquiring new battle wounds.
She tells Virgilia that if he were ever to be killed in battle, she would take comfort in his heroic reputation. Coriolanus, for his part, is utterly dominated by Volumnia. He twice betrays his own sense of duty and integrity, and both times, it is under the influence of his mother. On the first occasion, ambitious for her son to be consul, she persuades him to flatter the plebeians and pretend a humility he does not possess, in order to gain their votes.
Coriolanus knows that such pretence is against his nature, but he bends to her will. On the second occasion, after Coriolanus has allied himself to Aufidius, Volumnia persuades him not to attack Rome. Coriolanus again does as she tells him, thereby betraying his alliance with the Volscians and his duty as a military commander. Again, as he does Volumnia's will, he is aware of the fatal seriousness of his self-betrayal. In relation to his mother, this otherwise almost invincible warrior has remained immature, a child.
When Aufidius attacks him as a "boy of tears" V.
‘O, me alone!’: Coriolanus in the Face of Collective Otherness
It is emblematic of Volumnia's dominance over her son that it is she, not Coriolanus, who is hailed as the savior of Rome after she persuades him not to attack the city. He, in contrast, must return to Corioli to give an account of his actions to the Volscians, where he is killed by the envious Aufidius's band of Conspirators, and Aufidius treads on his corpse.
His relationship with his enemy, Tullus Aufidius, is more real to him that his relationship to his people, or to his wife. These experiences, these triumphs, are not translatable to those without such experiences. I am not sure if it is a mark of boredom, or merely a different aesthetic experience, that my mind watches the tragic dramaturgy of Coriolanus from a vast emotional distance. If I keep watching, it must be good, even if I cannot articulate why or how. When my friend, Kevin Crawford, performed this play in the summer ofhe made the spectacle even more abstract, a Rome sort of set in outer space.
He and the other actors pantomimed the use of weapons, and when Coriolanus and his fellow soldiers lay siege Aufidius in Corioli—the conquest of which city the hero is granted the name of honor, Coriolanus—they banged the air, and the foleys boomed with their fury.
Kevin was beardless, and totally bald, thus removing one more mark of personality from the hero who was wrestling more with eternity than with Rome, its citizens, or Aufidius, for his sublime sensation of immaculate pride.
The poster showed Kevin clutching his face, as if he were going insane.