The Importance of Being Earnest | play by Wilde | vlozodkaz.info
How does the development of the relationship between Cecily and Gwendolen John (Jack) Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff are good friends and the main. Jack Worthing, the play's protagonist, was discovered as an infant by the late Mr. Ernest is the name Jack goes by in London, where he really goes on these. literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, In Algernon Moncrieff's stylish London flat in , his butler, Lane, arranges afternoon tea. They discuss marriage and Algernon expresses the opinion that it is Worthing (who is listed as "John Worthing" in the cast list and "Jack" in.
When they meet it can't go well, can it? But her mother is not happy. The Importance of Being Earnest, Part 2: But can Jack win the heart of the woman he really loves? The Importance of Being Earnest, Part 1: But he's not exactly who he says he is… Jamaica Inn: She has a dangerous journey ahead now, but help comes from an unexpected place. She wants to talk to him about the murder of her uncle but he's not there. But later he arrives and he has some important news to tell her.
What can it be? He fears that someone is coming to kill him — someone who has been giving him the orders to wreck ships. She has to escape first to tell someone what she has seen but who can she trust? She fell asleep but she's about to wake up and discover what Joss and his gang of bad men really get up to at night.
But things don't go to plan Jamaica Inn: He storms out of the house and sets off across the moor. Mary decides to follow him Jamaica Inn: But who is he - and can he be trusted?
"The point that he’s making is the bull**** of the upper classes - we’re still unchanged now"
Meanwhile, another visitor discovers some suspicious objects in an upstairs room She gets to meet a group of rough and drunk men.
Later that night there are some strange goings-on in the yard outside. What's happening - and why are people talking about murder? Immediately she discovers what a mean and scary man her uncle is. He sets the rules and tells her what to do.
On her second day there she discovers a locked room — what is inside? It lies in a remote and bleak corner of England. On her journey there she is warned to keep away. Listen to the last episode of our drama, The Race, to find out! Find out what danger they face next in this episode of The Race!
- The Importance of Being Earnest
How will it go down? Listen to episode eight of The Race to find out! There's a loud bang — what's happened? Listen to episode seven of The Race to find out! But who has taken Phil's yacht and how will he get it back? Is it the end of his round-the-world adventure? Find out in episode six of The Race! Will Phil, Passepartout and Sophia be able to continue their journey?
Find out in the next episode of The Race! But technology is about to fail them! What's going to happen? Find out in episode four of The Race! But things are about to get tricky when a storm threatens his journey — will Phil and Passepartout survive their latest obstacle? Find out in episode three of The Race!
Will it all be plain sailing or will they sink? Find out in episode two of The Race! His life isn't that interesting — but it's about to change dramatically! Find out just how much in episode one of our drama, The Race! A Christmas Carol - Part 5: He saw that if he died, nobody would care because he is a bad man. How will this experience change Scrooge's life? A Christmas Carol - Part 3: He has learnt a lesson from a ghost which took him to the past and now is ready to be visited by the Spirit of Christmas Present.
A Christmas Carol - Part 2: This is the Spirit of Christmas Past. A Christmas Carol - Part 1: Nobody seems to be able to get a kind word or even a smile out of him. The King asks the jury to give their verdict - but will the Queen let Alice escape without a punishment? Who stole the tarts? Did the Knave of Hearts steal the Queen's tarts? What does the Hatter know about it - and what's that funny feeling Alice is having? But what are the rules - and how can Alice play croquet when the ball is a hedgehog?
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And do riddles always have answers? The Duchess's baby is making some very strange sounds and the Cheshire-Cat smiles while the cook throws things. Will Alice meet anyone who isn't mad? But is it good advice — and who thinks Alice is a snake? The problem is, she's already inside it! How does she get out - and why is everyone throwing cakes?
She joins in a Caucus-race: And who will give the prizes? When she's big, she cries a pool of tears. What will happen to her when she gets smaller again? One of the clearest expressions of Wilde satirizing his upper-class audience members is in the words of the minister.
Chasuble is discussing his sermons and mentions that he gave a charity sermon on behalf of the Society for the Prevention of Discontent Among the Upper Orders.
This name is a parody of the long names of various societies that the wealthy dallied with in their quest for redemption. The hidden and repressed sexual nature of Victorian society is emphasized in Act II. Cecily is fascinated by sin and wickedness — but from afar. She hopes Ernest looks like a "wicked person," although she is not sure what one looks like.
She is particularly interested in the fact that the prim and proper Miss Prism has written a three-volume novel. Such novels were not deemed proper literature by Victorians, but were read in secret. Of course, the moral of the novel shows clearly that good people win, and bad people are punished. In fact, Miss Prism describes the conservative literary view of the day when she defines fiction as "the good ended happily, and the bad unhappily. Much worldlier than Cecily, the canon and Miss Prism flirt outrageously and make innuendoes about desire and lust.
Where a headache is usually used as an excuse for a lack of sexual interest, Miss Prism uses it as a reason to go on a walk alone with the minister. The humorous cleric speaks in metaphors and often has to define what he means so that he will not be misunderstood. For example, he states, "Were I fortunate enough to be Miss Prism's pupil, I would hang upon her lips.
He continues to put his foot in his mouth by saying, "I spoke metaphorically. My metaphor was drawn from bees. Miss Prism answers in kind, calling him "dear Doctor," which seems to be a flirtatious title. There is more than meets the eye here, and Wilde is clearly pointing out the sexual repression of his society and satirizing the societal concern for correct and proper appearances, regardless of what simmers under the surface.
The coded conversation between Miss Prism and Chasuble eventually turns to the discussion of the canon's celibacy, which becomes a joke throughout the act. When he defends the church's stand on celibacy, Miss Prism explains that remaining single is actually more of a temptation to women. Suddenly, the canon realizes he has been saying things that might be interpreted as improper; he hastily covers up with, "I spoke horticulturally.
My metaphor was drawn from fruits. It is a world where adults do not discuss sex directly with their children or in polite society. No wonder Cecily is so fascinated by the subject of wickedness. In her society, young girls are protected from any knowledge of sex, and adults speak of it in obscure terms so as not to let out the big secret. Class boundaries are also represented by the minister and Miss Prism.
As the local canon, Chasuble is at Jack's beck and call and takes his orders from Jack and the local magistrate. If anyone needs a particular ceremony or sermon, the minister is ready to assist. While he is a scholarly man, Chasuble is still at the bottom of the social ladder in the countryside.
Miss Prism must earn her living as a governess, and she too is a servant of the wealthy. Cecily's schooling is a perfect opportunity for Wilde to comment on the grim, unimaginative education of England. Cecily is over protected lest her imagination run wild. Plain, guttural German is lauded, and Cecily feels plain after reciting it.
Political economy was a fast growing academic subject at the time — the province of male students, not young women.
Grim, conservative, and unimaginative books are seen as the best way to educate the young. With this foundation, they learn not to question and not to change dramatically the society in which they live. Promoting the status quo is the goal of such learning — an idea that was an anathema to Wilde, hence his desire to satirize it.
Merriman's humor is a foil — or opposite — for Jack's seriousness. Even his name indicates his hidden humor. During the argument about Algernon taking a dogcart back to London, Merriman good-humoredly goes along with Cecily and Jack in the tugging to and fro of Algernon.
While he does not express approval or disapproval, he accommodates his upper-class employers and carefully rehearses his facial expressions to show nothing, but through this deliberate rehearsal, Wilde is showing what an artificial, rehearsed society the upper class inhabits. Merriman's job is to orchestrate comings and goings and keep the house running smoothly; he's a proper English servant who knows his place.
Similarly, Miss Prism chastises Cecily for watering flowers — a servant's job. By presenting these vignettes — subtle, carefully constructed literary sketches — within the context of a farce, Wilde pokes fun at the Victorian concept that everyone has his duty, and each knows his place. Algernon declares to Cecily that he would never let Jack pick his clothing because, "He has no taste in neckties at all. When Algernon travels to the country for just a few short days, he brings "three portmanteaus, a dressing-case, two hat boxes, and a large luncheon-basket.
Cecily keeps a diary of her girlish fancies, and they are much more interesting than reality. Because her education is so dry and boring, she lives an interesting fantasy life, which comprises her own secret and self-directed education. She, like Algernon, seems to be interested in immediate gratification, and she puts him in his place when she first meets him.
When he calls her "little cousin Cecily," she counters with, "You are under some strange mistake. I am not little.
"The point that he’s making is the bull**** of the upper classes - we’re still unchanged now"
In fact, I believe I am more than usually tall for my age. Wilde here is hinting at a new and more assertive woman. Wilde also begins an attack on the concepts of romance and courtship in Act II. Gwendolen and Jack have already demonstrated that proposals must be made correctly, especially if anyone is nearby. Now, Cecily and Algernon present a mockery of conventional courtship and romance. As always, appearance is everything.
Cecily's diary is a particularly useful tool to symbolize the deceptive character of romance and courtship.