The way forward for US-Pakistan relations - Asia Times
The U.S.-Pakistan partnership in the war in Afghanistan has been both challenging and complex. While Pakistan's military has cooperated with its U.S. But in Islamabad, officials felt the United States was looking at its relationship with Pakistan through the lens of Afghanistan. Ten years later, the. Pakistan's relations with Afghanistan and implications for regional politics Despite a decade of U.S. attempts to bring Islamabad and Rawalpindi (the seats of.
War in Afghanistan —presentAfghans in Pakistanand Afghanistan—Pakistan skirmishes George Crile III and Charlie Wilson Texas politician with an unnamed political personality in the background person wearing the aviator glasses looking at the photo camera.
- Afghanistan–Pakistan relations
- US-Pakistan Relations Worsen as Both Sides Dig In
- Pakistan–United States relations
They were the main players in Operation Cyclonethe code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency program to arm and finance the multi-national mujahideen during the Soviet—Afghan Warto Relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan began deteriorating in the s after Pakistan supported rebels such as Gulbuddin HekmatyarAhmad Shah Massoud Haqqanisand others against the governments of Afghanistan.
After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in Decemberthe United States joined Pakistan to counter Soviet influence and advance its own interests in the region.
In turn, AfghanIndian and Soviet intelligence agencies played their role by supporting al-Zulfikar — a Pakistani leftist terrorist group responsible for the March hijacking of a Pakistan International Airlines PIA plane. Its goal was to overthrow the military regime that ousted Bhutto. Pakistan became a major training ground for roughlyforeign mujahideen fighters who began crossing into Afghanistan on a daily basis to wage war against the communist Afghanistan and the Soviet forces.
The mujahideen included not only locals but also Arabs and others from over 40 different Islamic nations. Many of these foreign fighters married local women and decided to stay in Pakistan, among them were radical Muslims such those of Saudi-led Al-Qaeda and Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood as well as prisoners from Arab countries. There were no regular schools provided for the refugees but only madrasas in which students were trained to become members of the Taliban movement.
US-Pakistan relationship in serious trouble: Expert
The Taliban claimed that they wanted to clean Afghanistan from the warlords and criminals. According to Pakistan and Afghanistan expert Ahmed Rashid"between andan estimated 80, toPakistanis trained and fought in Afghanistan" keeping the Taliban regime in power. However, the relations began to decline when the Taliban refused to endorse the Durand Line despite pressure from Islamabad, arguing that there shall be no borders among Muslims. InAfghan President Hamid Karzai warned that " Iran and Pakistan and others are not fooling anyone" when it comes to interfering in his country.
In the past we have suffered alone; this time everybody will suffer with us.
Afghanistan–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia
All the countries in the neighborhood have the same ethnic groups that we have, so they should know that it is a different ball game this time. The United States, faced with a rival superpower looking as if it were to create another Communist bloc, now engaged Zia in fighting a US-aided war by proxy in Afghanistan against the Soviets. The Reagan administration and Reagan himself supported Pakistan's military regime, American officials visited the country on a routine basis.
Ambassador in an aviation crash, relations deteriorated quickly with upcoming prime ministers Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif. The United States took a tough stand on Pakistan's nuclear development, passing the Pressler amendmentwhile significantly improving the relations with India. Both Benazir and Nawaz Sharif also asked the United States to take steps to stop the Indian nuclear programfeeling that United States was not doing enough to address what Pakistan saw as an existential threat.
Pakistan found itself in a state of extremely high insecurity as tensions mounted with India and Afghanistan's infighting continued. Pakistan's alliance with the U. Rift in relations[ edit ] In US Ambassador Nicholas Platt advised Pakistan's leaders that if Pakistan continued to support terrorists in India or Indian-administered territory, "the Secretary of State may find himself required by law to place Pakistan on the state sponsors of terrorism list. InBenazir Bhutto made a quick visit in the U.
Bushwhich she marked "America's Frankenstein". InPrime minister Nawaz Sharif travelled to the U. Ambassador Robert Oakley further influenced on the project, showing growing concerns of the U. Capacity limitations were also a major concern; as the internal threat grew, the security establishment became more certain that it could not afford to open new military fronts.
This view was justified considering that Pakistan had already deployed more troops to fight militants in its northwest than the combined presence of the International Security Assistance Force ISAF and U.
The new Afghan government, led by President Hamid Karzai, was until recently decisively firm against Pakistan and open to allowing Indian ingress into Afghan territory. Inthe Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan also seemed to be nearing defeat.
Pakistan had been sidelined in what seemed to be the end game at the time.
In fact, Pakistan had an interest in turning a blind eye to their actions in Afghanistan, and according to some accounts even actively supported their efforts in a bid to raise Western costs. Today inPakistan has won the round tactically; the world acknowledges that it has a central role to play in negotiating an end state in Afghanistan.
Yet the fact is that both Pakistan and the United States have sought to defend their self-defined interests all along. Therefore, just as they have cooperated, both sides have also continued to work at odds with each other. Going forward, a convergence of interests and not a normative blame game will bring about a final solution in Afghanistan.
There is an opportunity for the two sides to work together to find a mutually agreeable end state. The optimism stems from the fact that both sides are highly constrained in their options and yet remain frustrated with the status quo. Three Pakistani limitations should give Washington hope.
A reversion to an anarchic Afghanistan with little or no state authority would imply a fresh refugee spillover and economic burden on Pakistan. Pakistan is also wary of the possibility of the TTP using a lawless Afghanistan as a safe haven to launch attacks within Pakistani territory once the U.
The anti-Pakistan groups appear intent on fighting Islamabad, regardless of what happens in Afghanistan.
The U.S.-Pakistan Relationship and Finding an End State in Afghanistan
There is a realization that the Afghan Taliban may have already peaked militarily and that a lengthy civil war would have to ensue for Taliban militants to take over Afghanistan; Pakistan is neither willing nor able to back a new civil war across the border.
Pakistan is also cognizant of the development benefits large pockets of Afghan society have extracted from the U. Third, Pakistan has an interest in having the Afghan insurgent groups currently present in its tribal belt relocated to Afghanistan.
Their presence provides the TTP and other anti-Pakistan groups the ability to present their actions as an extension of the Afghan fight against the Americans. The sheer proximity of the two factions carries a lingering threat of growing organic, and perhaps even covert, links.