Pakistan and Afghanistan after 9/ A Case of the Failing Bilateralismâ | OMICS International
Mar 2, It's Complicated: The Relationship Between Afghanistan, Pakistan, and a continued foreign military presence in the country would be no less. A landlocked country, Afghanistan badly needs an opening to the sea which would reduce its dependence on transit routes across other countries. The inclusion. Afghanistan's future depends to a great extent on the regional environment, but Pakistan and Afghanistan, the intertwined militancy in the two countries, and the China, and other regional powers on the Pakistan-Afghanistan relationship.
The Relationship Between Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Taliban How will these complex relations impact peace negotiations and a lasting solution? March 2,2: Thus, Pakistan is seen as the key player in bringing the Taliban to the negotiation table. However, the Taliban claims their militancy in Afghanistan is completely independent of Pakistan. In this context, there are three major concerns associated with materializing peace talk efforts between Afghanistan and the Taliban.
First, it remains unclear whether Pakistan will cooperate in the Afghan peace process and urge the Taliban to stop fighting. Second, and of most interest, is whether the Taliban will listen to Pakistan. Pakistan is increasingly threatened by militancy on its own soil and fears the consequences of pressuring the Taliban to negotiate with the Afghan government. Aziz said that Pakistan should not antagonize groups that pose no threat to it. In reference to the Afghan Taliban he argued: Pakistan reassured that a happy and prosperous Afghanistan was in the best interest of Pakistan.
During this visit Pakistan released several Taliban leaders from prison as goodwill gesture [ 8 ]. Meeting his Afghan counterpart Mr. Dar also expressed his wish to increase trade with other countries of the region. Pakistan has been cooperating in socio economic development of Afghanistan and making investment in many projects like a beds Jinnah hospital in Kabul, a beds hospital in Logar, Liaquat Ali Khan Engineering University in Balkh, Rehman Baba School and a Hostel for children in Kabul, Nishtar Kidney Hospital in Jalalabad and the dual carriageway from Torkham to Jalalabad.
On the last day of his visit both the ministers came to Jalalabad on the ocassion Mr. Dar handed over the keys of Kidney hospital to his counterpart [ 9 ]. One month later a group of 26 businesswomen entrepreneurs visited Islamabad to join Pakistan-Afghanistan women entrepreneurs conference in Islamabad in March organized by the US Embassy. The event facilitated bringing both the countries closer to each other to enhance bilateral relation. During their meeting an agreement was rechead at dealing the terrorists very strictly without making any discrimination.
Sapanta also handed over a letter of president Kerzi to Nawaz Sharif. Both were agreed to extend mutual security cooperation and eliminate terrorism.
It’s Complicated: The Relationship Between Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Taliban
He also met Sartaj Aziz. Both were agreed to enhance trade and economic relation between the two countries.Why Do India And Afghanistan Love Each Other?
Failing that, second round of elections would be held between the two top candidates. Abdullah Abdullah and Ashraf Ghani had to contest the second round of elections in which the Pashtun candidate Ashraf Ghani won. The situation became critical when Abdullah announced that the election was fraud and he does not accept the result.
So a critical situation arose. With the help of friendly countries agreement was reached between the two for the formation of national Unity Government in which Ghani became the president and Abdullah was chosen as the Chief Executive. In the oath taking cerermany president of Pakistan Mr.
Mamnon Hussain was also invited. On the eve in Kabul he expressed his hope that Pak-Afghan relations will enter a new era of bilateralism.
Pakistan and Afghanistan after 9/11: A Case of the Failing Bilateralism”
Trade and Security Co-operation A month later president Ashraf Ghani visited Islamabad with a hundred members delegation. A very warm welcome was given by the Pakistani Government at the Chaklala Airbase.
Following that president Ashraf Ghani visited Islamabad met Nawaz Sharif and discussed bilateral trade and economic and security cooperation in the war against terror. Pakistan helped a political reconciliation with Afghan Taliban and offered to train and equip Afghan soldiers.
Prime Minister Sharif reaffirmed that stable and prosperous Afghanistan was in the best interest of Pakistan. He wished that peace and stability in Afghanistan would facilitate trade relations between Pakistan and Central Asian Republics.
Both the leaders agreed not to use their soil against each other. Later on they watched a cricket match between Pakistan A team and Afghan cricket team in Islamabad with delegates.
President Ghani also visited GHQ, met General Raheel Sharif, discussed the security issues and to enhance security cooperation between the two states [ 11 ].
Some terrorists entered the school, opened fire, leaving dead children and some teachers. The incident created deep sorrow and mourning all over the world. Every sect of people condemned the barbarism and demanded the government to take stronger action terrorist. Parveez Khatak visited Kabul.
He discussed the matter of illegal Afghan refugees to return to Afghanistan. The ocassion provided another oppertunity for discussion about the prospects of Pak-Afghan relations. They expressed their commitment that both countries were victims of terrorism so they should cooperate each other in this war [ 13 ].
The Pakistani delegation met president Ashraf Ghani and chief executive Abdullah. During press briefing PM Sharif expressed that: A peaceful and prosperous Afghanistan was in the best interests of Pakistan. After July In July a suicide attack on Kabul airport by the Taliban insurgent left 29 people killed and several injured. Afghan government blamed Pakistan for the insurgency. President Ghani responded very harshly. During a press conference he said: The relations between both countries once again deteriorated and bilateralism met another set back which was neither good for Pakistan nor for Afghanistan.
Pakistan condemned the act and denounced her involvement in any such act. He expressed his point of view that peace in Afghanistan meant peace in Pakistan and that his government wished stability and prosperity in Afghanistan. He also provided Afghan government with documentary proofs of terrorist activities of India in Balochistan through their channels in Afghanistan.
He also expressed that Pak-China economic corridor would be useful to all countries of Asia [ 16 ]. The relations between the two were deteriorated due to terrorist attacks in Kabul [ 17 ]. After the attacks Afghan media and press blamed Pakistan for the insurgency. President Ghani said that attack was orchestrated in Pakistan [ 18 ]. Later on the leaders of different parties from Pakistan visited Kabul.
They met with Ghani in Kabul and discussed many bilateral issues. In December first week Prime Minister Sharif and president Ghani met in the sideline of environmental conference in France and discussed matters of mutual interest. A warm welcome was given by Pakistani government prime minister Sharif came to air port to welcome him [ 19 ]. General Raheel Sharif assured Afghan government and officials not to use their soil against each other.
General Raheel assure to start dialogue with Taliban and also to establish hotlines between the two [ 20 ]. The recent incident at Torkhum border has added fuel to the fire. It has deteriorated the already tense relations between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
According to analysts the incident is giving birth to a new strategic situation in the region in which Pakistan is marching towards isolation. She is losing confidence of not only Afghanistan but Iran too.
Afghanistan–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia
Ultimately, the geostratigic situation is providing oppertunity to India to complete the Chabahar port and secure trade route to the Central Asian Republics through Afghanistan. She also need to stop India-Iran-Afghanistan axis and secure her position in her neighborhood.
The Afghan government has not formally accepted the Durand Line as the international border between the two states, claiming that the Durand Line Agreement has been void in the past. Pakistan feels that the border issue had been resolved before its birth in It also fears a revolt from the warring tribes which could eventually bring the state down as it happened when Ahmad Shah Durrani unified the Pashtuns and toppled the Mughal Empire of India.
This unmanagable border has always served as the main trade route between Afghanistan and the South Asiaespecially for supplies into Afghanistan. Secondly, it politically and financially backed secessionist politicians in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the s. Afghanistan's policies placed a severe strain upon Pakistan—Afghan relations in the s, up until the s, when the movement[ which?
The Pashtun assimilation into the Pakistani state followed years of rising Pashtun influence in Pakistani politics and the nation's bureaucracy, culminating in Ayub KhanYahya KhanIshaq Khan — all Pashtuns, attaining leadership of Pakistan. The largest nationalist party of the time, the Awami National Party ANPdropped its secessionist agenda and embraced the Pakistani state, leaving only a small Pakhtunkhwa Millat Party to champion the cause of independence in relation to both Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Despite the weaknesses of the early secessionist movement, this period in history continues to negatively influence Pakistani-Afghan relations in the 21st century, in addition to the province's politics. War in Afghanistan —presentAfghans in Pakistanand Afghanistan—Pakistan skirmishes George Crile III and Charlie Wilson Texas politician with an unnamed political personality in the background person wearing the aviator glasses looking at the photo camera.
They were the main players in Operation Cyclonethe code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency program to arm and finance the multi-national mujahideen during the Soviet—Afghan Warto Relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan began deteriorating in the s after Pakistan supported rebels such as Gulbuddin HekmatyarAhmad Shah Massoud Haqqanisand others against the governments of Afghanistan.
After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in Decemberthe United States joined Pakistan to counter Soviet influence and advance its own interests in the region. In turn, AfghanIndian and Soviet intelligence agencies played their role by supporting al-Zulfikar — a Pakistani leftist terrorist group responsible for the March hijacking of a Pakistan International Airlines PIA plane.
Its goal was to overthrow the military regime that ousted Bhutto. Pakistan became a major training ground for roughlyforeign mujahideen fighters who began crossing into Afghanistan on a daily basis to wage war against the communist Afghanistan and the Soviet forces.